Pottery is an art and a potter does justice to it by his own creativity. In ancient times, villagers had the habit of using earthenware to carry out basic cooking processes. It is believed that earthenware adds aroma and flavour to the food and even makes the food healthier to consume. But in modern times, the urbanised household would rather prefer utensil made up with steel and aluminium over earthenware utensils like Handi and Surahi. People have forgotten the pureness of earthenware utensils and think that steel and aluminium is a better replacement, which is unacceptable on the contrary of consuming healthier food.
During the Vedic period, the Indus Valley Civilization and the Mughal Period shreds of evidence of earthenware pottery have been discovered. During Indus Valley Civilization, pottery went through an upliftment, though it is considered that the Neolithic age in India manifests the origin of pottery. It is also known that Vedic pottery is one of those eras which is the best in terms of the handmade and unpainted form of pottery. These pots were used for storing water during summer. Later pottery was also used in the form of kitchen utensils like plates, glasses, cups, and saucepans. The Muslim rulers also promoted painted pottery and the artists who made them from Persia, Central Asia and the Middle East to come and settle in India.
Clay, which is used as the main raw material to make pottery, has abundance in the Indian subcontinent. Hence, the rise of pottery in India is very perceptible. Handmade pottery like bowls, utensils, and vessels were abundantly available in India in different colors like red, orange, brown, and black. With the rise of pottery culture in India it even became a renowned profession, Indian handmade pots were exported to different parts of the world.
Today Indian pottery comes in a variety of colors, shapes and patterns. The ceramic artists and potters from all over the globe are trying to adapt the Indian form of pottery. Though the art of pottery is fading day by day, but in some parts of India like Rajasthan & Gujrat, the art of pottery is still alive and artists have still not given up on this art.